This video gives an introduction to the Southern Colonies. Virginia was the first permanent English colony of the Southern Colonies. They were very successful due to a warm climate, rich soil, and long growing season. These conditions promoted an agricultural based economy in the South. They grew rice, indigo, and tobacco. Most of the labor was supplied through indentured servants and African Slaves. The first African Slaves were brought into Virginia in These were all colonies claimed by England, later called Great Britain. They claimed these colonies whenever they were first trying to race to put colonies in North America, so they could have more colonial power than any of the other European powers, such as Spain or France. These five colonies developed on their own and were able to become very powerful, very well-functioning colonies on their. Since they grew, they kind of stuck around, where some of the other colonies fizzled .
Virginia was the first successful southern colony. While Puritan zeal was fueling New England’s mercantile development, and Penn’s Quaker experiment was turning the middle colonies into America’s bread basket, the South was turning to cash crops. Geography and motive rendered the development of these colonies distinct from those that lay to the North. Immediately to Virginia’s north was Maryland. Begun as a Catholic experiment, the colony’s economy would soon come to mirror that of Virginia, as tobacco became the most important crop. To the south lay the Carolinas, created after the English Civil War had been concluded. In the Deep South was Georgia , the last of the original thirteen colonies. Challenges from Spain and France led the king to desire a buffer zone between the cash crops of the Carolinas and foreign enemies. Georgia, a colony of debtors, would fulfill that need. English American Southerners would not enjoy the generally good health of their New England counterparts. Outbreaks of malaria and yellow fever kept life expectancies lower. Since the northern colonies attracted religious dissenters, they tended to migrate in families.
Virginia’s economic future did not lie with gold. There was too little gold to be found there. Looking for new ways to make its investments pay dividends, the Virginia Company of London began encouraging multiple ventures by Jamestown settlers experimented with glassblowing , vineyard cultivation, and even silkworm farming. Despite efforts to diversify Virginia’s economy, by the end of the s only one Virginia crop was drawing a fair market price in England: tobacco. Tobacco was introduced to Europe by the Spanish, who had learned to smoke it from Native Americans. Despite some early criticism of «drinking smoke,» tobacco became popular among the middle classes in England. Much of the tobacco smoked in England was grown in the West Indies. There is an herb called uppowoc, which sows itself. In the West Indies it has several names, according to the different places where it grows and is used, but the Spaniards generally call it tobacco. Its leaves are dried, made into powder, and then smoked by being sucked through clay pipes into the stomach and head. The fumes purge superfluous phlegm and gross humors from the body by opening all the pores and passages. Thus its use not only preserves the body, but if there are any obstructions it breaks them up. By this means the natives keep in excellent health, without many of the grievous diseases which often afflict us in England. Smoking is a custom loathsome to the eye, hateful to the nose, harmful to the brain, dangerous to the lungs, and in the black, stinking fume thereof nearest resembling the horrible Stygian smoke of the pit that is bottomless. Known among his peers as «an ardent smoker,» John Rolfe introduced the tobacco plant to the Virginia colony. This plant became the cornerstone of the Virginia economy. John Rolfe thought that Virginia might be an outstanding site for tobacco growth. Early attempts to sell Virginian tobacco had fallen short of expectations. Smokers felt that the tobacco of the Caribbean was much less harsh than Virginian tobacco. Rolfe reacted to consumer demand by importing seed from the West Indies and cultivating the plant in the Jamestown colony. Those tobacco seeds became the seeds of a huge economic empire. By , over a million and a half pounds of tobacco were being exported from Jamestown every year. The tobacco economy rapidly began to shape the society and development of the colony. Growing tobacco takes its toil on the soil.
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Hottest Questions. Previously Viewed. Unanswered Questions. Asked in American Revolution. How did the southern colonist make money? The colonists make their money through the economic.
Taxes from England’s king. I think it helps people make better crops. The people in the middle colonist made money by selling and trading things. Easy, they wanted more money. Asked in Explorers and Expeditions, History Which colony had the richest soil? The Southern Colonist had the richest soil.
Britain taxed the colonist because the need the money for the troops. The troops help protect the colonist for the Indians. If there was no money to help the soldiers the colonist would die. Asked in American Revolution, Emotions Why did the currency act anger colonist when it was passed in ? Because King George thought ‘if I’m paying all this money for the colonist who DON’T like me then shouldn’t they be paying me back with their money?
Asked in United Kingdom Why did the British need to tax the colonist? To make up for the money the How did the sourthern colonies make money off tobaco used to help win the French and Indian War. Asked in England Why would some colonist want to refuser to sign the pledge not to sell tobacco to England?
Because they make money out of selling it. I am not sure if you are asking how money was produced or how they earned money. The English colonies used the British pound. The colonists made money in New Hampshire by building ships, by growing tobacco, and by making things with lumber. If they were lucky enough, they would make whale oil. The geography of the Southern Colonies helped the colonist by providing fertile plains for agriculture. Asked in Colonial America What did the colonist in the southern colony grow other then cotton?
To raise money the taxed the colonist. Asked in American Revolution What did the colonist use to make them selves look like Indians? The colonist did not try to make themselves look like Indians. Asked in Colonial America What did southern colonist eat and drink? It effect them by not getting more money. Asked in Colonial America What was the first product the colonists sold for money?
Wood is the first product colonist sold for money. Because Colonists felt they could make more money if they were free to sell to foreign markets themselves. Trending Questions.
The tobacco colonies were those that lined the sea-level coastal region of English North America known as Tidewaterextending from a small part of Delaware south through Maryland and Virginia into the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina the Albemarle Settlements. During the seventeenth century, the European demand for tobacco increased more than tenfold. This increased demand called for a greater supply of tobacco, and as a result, tobacco became the staple crop of the Chesapeake Bay Region. The development of tobacco as an export began in Virginia in when one of how did the sourthern colonies make money off tobaco English colonists, John Rolfe, experimented with a plant he had brought from the West Indies, ‘Nicotania tabacum. In the same year, the first tobacco shipment was sent to England. The British prized tobacco, for it was a way to display one’s wealth to the public. Only those of high status could afford the new product. As tobacco’s popularity grew, it became the savior of the colonies. Due to the rough climate, the colonies weren’t able to produce other crops necessary for survival. With no crops, they lacked an income and a food supply, so the colonists took the opportunity to begin growing tobacco. The Virginia climate and land structure was perfect for tobacco plantations. As Virginia tobacco rapidly gained popularity abroad, it became more difficult to encourage the production of diverse crops or other commodities in the colony. Land was readily available and quick profits could be made on tobacco. Tobacco cultivation is labor intensive, requiring a large labor force. Indentured servants came to Virginia, as well as other colonies, where they worked for several years in return for passage to the New World.