Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century who is best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. He created a strong navy, reorganized his army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administered greater control over the reactionary Orthodox Church and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country. Having ruled jointly with his brother Ivan V fromwhen Ivan died inPeter was officially declared Sovereign of all Russia. Peter inherited a nation that was severely underdeveloped compared to the culturally prosperous European countries. While the Renaissance and the Reformation how did peter the great make money through Europe, Russia rejected westernization and remained isolated from modernization. During his reign, Peter undertook extensive reforms in an attempt to reestablish Russia as a great nation. Peter overcame opposition from the country’s medieval aristocracy and initiated a series of changes that affected all areas of Russian life. Peter focused on the development of science and recruited several experts to educate his people about technological advancements. He concentrated on developing commerce and industry and created a gentrified bourgeoisie population. Mirroring Western culture, he modernized the Russian alphabet, introduced the Julian calendar and established the first Russian newspaper.
In the year , Peter the Great became the new Tsar of Russia. This was a significant event for the history of Russia. Peter brought many reforms in order to open the window to Europe. Economic reforms played an important role in the transformation of the whole country. As a result, Russia was able to achieve a good standing among the European countries in areas such as manufacturing, trade, and military. This was not the case before his rule. Russia was the largest state of the Old World at the beginning of the 17th century. The majority of the population was located in the center and on the North of the European part. At the end of the 17th century Russia became a multinational state. It was due to Ukraine and the whole Siberia becoming a part of its already large area. It was populated by people of many cultures and religions. The multicultural presence became noticeable, not only because of Asia but also because of Europe. At that time, Russia was trying to become closer with Europe , but it also had interests in the East. Many western European countries such as the Netherlands , England and France made a significant progress in the area of a market economy. For Russia, it was important to overcome slow social development as compared to Europe. The Russian economy was quite weak, with poorly developed industry. One of the major weaknesses was the national economy management system. When speaking about Russia’s development, it is important to mention serfdom. Europe was in the process of stopping serfdom, and some countries managed to stop it completely. On the other hand, serfdom was only growing in Russia. Another big factor of Russia’s poor economic development was the education system. It was at the very early stages. At schools, only grammar and Holy writings were taught. It is said that Russia’s education system was behind for approximately 5 centuries. It is also important to note that the printed materials were mostly of spiritual content. Due to the poor education system, it was hard to train specialists. For, example there were no Russian doctors in the country. There were only foreign doctors, and they mostly served the members of the royal families. There was a strong necessity to solve numerous problems with the economy, army, education, and culture, as Russia has exhausted all of the possibilities to develop separately, outside of the European civilization.
Who Was Peter the Great?
Thus, the state required service from both the old and the new nobility, primarily in the military. In return, the tsars allowed the boyars to complete the process of enserfing the peasants. This changed when Feodor died in As he did not leave any children, a dispute arose between the Miloslavsky family Maria Miloslavskaya was the first wife of Alexis I and the Naryshkin family over who should inherit the throne. Consequently, the Boyar Duma a council of Russian nobles chose year-old Peter to become tsar, with his mother as regent. Sophia acted as regent during the minority of the sovereigns and exercised all power. For seven years, she ruled as an autocrat. Although he was named a co-tsar in , at the age of ten, he did not become an independent and sole ruler until While Peter was not particularly concerned that others ruled in his name, his mother sought to force him to adopt a more conventional approach. She arranged his marriage to Eudoxia Lopukhina in , but the marriage was a failure. Ten years later Peter forced his wife to become a nun and thus freed himself from the union. By the summer of , Peter planned to take power from his half-sister Sophia, whose position had been weakened by two unsuccessful Crimean campaigns. After a power struggle, in which the Streltsy was forced to shift its loyalty, Sophia was eventually overthrown, with Peter I and Ivan V continuing to act as co-tsars. Yet Peter could not acquire actual control over Russian affairs. Power was instead exercised by his mother, Natalya Naryshkina. Peter implemented sweeping reforms aimed at modernizing Russia.
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Peter the GreatTsar of Russia, Europeanized Russia more than any previous ruler, and when necessary forcibly imposing Western ideas and customs how did peter the great make money his subjects. He visited Western Europe ingathering information and hiring teachers and technicians to take back to Russia. Peter’s energy was unlimited, and his interests covered a wide range.
He founded the Russian Navy, reorganized the Geeat on Western lines, instituted obligatory service to the state by gentry class, bound administration of the church to the state, reformed the Russian alphabet, and gained Russian outlets to the Baltic Sea by driving out the Swedes. Petersburg, making it the capital maoe of Moscow.
Peter’s reforms created Russian civilization in line with the West and set its direction for the next years. His introduction of Western ways to the gentry classes laid the basis for the split between the upper classes and the peasantry that was to plague Russian society until the revolution. Besides the far reaching impact of his actions on Russian society,Peter’s personality also had a strong impact.
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Petersburgtsar of Russia who reigned jointly with his half-brother Ivan V —96 and alone thereafter — and who in was proclaimed emperor imperator. Peter the Great modernized Russia —which, at the start of his rule, had greatly lagged behind the Western how did peter the great make money transformed it into a major power. Through his numerous reforms, Russia made incredible progress in the development of its economy and trade, education, science and culture, and foreign policy. At age 10 Peter became joint tsar with his half brother and, because of power struggles, often feared for his safety. He did not receive the usual education of a tsar. He grew up in a free atmosphere and especially enjoyed military games. In Peter wed Eudoxiabut the marriage ended in He later became involved with the future Catherine Ia Baltic woman who had been taken prisoner during the Second Northern War. They married inand in she was crowned empress-consort. After Peter died inshe became empress. Peter suffered from bladder and urinary-tract problems, and in January [Old Style] he began having trouble urinating. Days later Peter died, at age An autopsy reportedly found that gangrene had developed around his bladder. When Alexis died inPeter was only four years old. Clever and influential, Sophia took control of the government; excluded from public affairs, Peter lived with his mother in the village of Preobrazhenskoye, near Moscow, often fearing for his safety. All this left an ineradicable impression on the young tsar and determined his negative attitude toward the streltsy. Mathematics, fortification, and navigation were the sciences that appealed most strongly to Peter. This was obviously a political act, intended to demonstrate the fact that the year-old Peter was now a grown man, with a right to rule in his own. The marriage did not last long: Peter soon began to ignore his wife, and in he relegated her to a convent. In August a new revolt of the streltsy took place.